Marine cores collected in the western tropical Pacific were used to compare the chronology of Southern Ocean warming near Antarctica and rising CO2 during the last deglaciation. The results provide evidence that the Southern Ocean off Antarctica warmed by ~2°C between 19,000 and 17,000 years before the present, about 1,000 years before the rise in atmospheric CO2.
A recent study of ice cores from Antarctica provides a climate record for the past 800,000 years. The analysis reveals that atmospheric carbon dioxide was strongly correlated with Antarctic temperature throughout eight glacial cycles.
For most of the past 18,000 years warm temperatures in the North Pacific often correspond to cold temperatures in the North Atlantic and vice versa. In this study it is revealed that the occasional synchronicity in the North Pacific and North Atlantic climates correspond to periods of abrupt Northern Hemisphere warming.
During the last deglaciation atmosphere CO2 concentration rose by about 80 ppm amplifying climate warming. This study of radiocarbon in deep sea corals found that Southern ocean deep water was radiocarbon-depleted throughout the last ice age, but this depletion disappeared between 16,600 and 14,600 years ago consistent with Southern Ocean CO2 outgassing that corresponded to the first pulse of increased atmospheric CO2 early in the deglaciation.