In 1990 the world had 4,128 million hectares (ha) of forest. By 2015 this area had decreased to 3,999 million ha. This is a change from 31.6 percent of global land area in 1990 to 30.6 percent in 2015. From 1990 to 2015 there was a net loss of some 129 million ha of forest (natural and planted), which is about the size of Peru.
Although globally the extent of the world’s forest continues to decline as human populations continue to grow and demand for food and land increases, the annual rate of forest loss has slowed from -0.18 percent in the 1990s to –0.08 percent over the last five year period. Between 2010 and 2015 there was a loss of 7.6 million ha and a gain of 4.3 million ha per year, resulting in a net annual decrease in forest area of 3.3 million ha per year.